Early Diagnosis Helps Control the Development of Glaucoma

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People of more than 60 years old are at high risk of suffering from glaucoma and must be vigilant and have routine appointments. Monitoring the state of eye and optic nerves is especially important for people in this age group, since advanced glaucoma can cause blindness.

The optic nerves are made up of a set of thousands of particular fibers that transmit signals to brain. Glaucoma is an ocular pathology that causes progressive damage in the same optic nerve, and consists of the loss of sensitivity of the retinal tissue due to the death of nerves and consequent loss of irreversible vision.

There are several risk factors that can cause the growth of glaucoma, including age.

The most general form of this condition is initial open-angle glaucoma. This is linked with a progressive increase in fluid pressure in the eye. By developing slowly and generally without symptoms, many people only notice when there has already been a significant vision loss. However, although it does not produce symptoms, glaucoma can be treated through a routine consultation with assessment of eye pressure, changes in the optic nerve papilla, and visual fields.

The least general kind of glaucoma syndrome is severe angle-closure that generally occurs because of a considerable increase in eye in a small time. The symptoms are such as severe visual pain, nausea, increased blood in an organ etc.

The reduction of intraocular pressure should be performed by the ophthalmologist, through the prescription of medication, and may even require a surgical intervention. The close collaboration between the ophthalmologist and the optometrist in the management of this disease is therefore important, with frequent monitoring of intraocular pressure values.

Glaucoma cannot be prevented nor is it a traceable condition, but if it’s determined and treated in a timely manner by calling America Home Health care experts. Thus, there are auxiliary tests that must be done both for diagnosis and for follow-up of the disease. In the optometric consultation, measurements of intraocular pressure can be made, as well as the observation of the ocular fundus through examination with ophthalmoscope or other imaging techniques. In this way, it is possible to observe and determine the physical signs of possible alterations of optic nerve. In case, glaucoma is already installed, an examination of visual fields allows the analysis of the extent of the lesion and follows the pathology. With the right follow up, it’s possible to control your glaucoma in collaboration with the ophthalmologist.

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